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Referencia: Código 7885


DESCRIPCIÓN:

Diciembre de 2018  -  Myer Kutz (Editor)  -  Refª 7885

CONTENIDO:

Myer Kutz (Editor)

Diciembre de 2018       Páginas: 768

Código 7885       ISBN/EAN: 9781118712948

Description

A comprehensive guide for both fundamentals and real-world applications of environmental engineering

Written by noted experts, Handbook of Environmental Engineering offers a comprehensive guide to environmental engineers who desire to contribute to mitigating problems, such as flooding, caused by extreme weather events, protecting populations in coastal areas threatened by rising sea levels, reducing illnesses caused by polluted air, soil, and water from improperly regulated industrial and transportation activities, promoting the safety of the food supply.  

Contributors not only cover such timely environmental topics related to soils, water, and air, minimizing pollution created by industrial plants and processes, and managing wastewater, hazardous, solid, and other industrial wastes, but also treat such vital topics as porous pavement design, aerosol measurements, noise pollution control, and industrial waste auditing. This important handbook:

  • Enables environmental engineers to treat problems in systematic ways
  • Discusses climate issues in ways useful for environmental engineers
  • Covers up-to-date measurement techniques important in environmental engineering
  • Reviews current developments in environmental law for environmental engineers
  • Includes information on water quality and wastewater engineering
  • Informs environmental engineers about methods of dealing with industrial and municipal waste, including hazardous waste

Designed for use by practitioners, students, and researchers, Handbook of Environmental Engineering contains the most recent information to enable a clear understanding of major environmental issues.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

 List of Contributors xiii

Preface xv

1 Environmental Systems Analysis 1

Adisa Azapagic

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Environmental Systems Analysis Methods 1

1.3 Summary 11

References 11

2 Measurements in Environmental Engineering 13

Daniel A. Vallero

Summary 13

2.1 Introduction 13

2.2 Environmental Sampling Approaches 18

2.3 Laboratory Analysis 22

2.4 Sources of Uncertainty 25

2.5 Measurements and Models 27

2.6 Contaminants of Concern 27

2.7 Environmental Indicators 31

2.8 Emerging Trends in Measurement 33

2.9 Measurement Ethics 40

Note 41

References 41

3 Environmental Law for Engineers 45

Jana B. Milford

3.1 Introduction and General Principles 45

3.2 Common Law 48

3.3 The National Environmental Policy Act 50

3.4 Clean Air Act 52

3.5 Clean Water Act 55

3.6 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act 58

3.7 CERCLA 61

3.8 Enforcement and Liability 62

Notes 65

4 Climate Modeling 67

Huei‐Ping Huang

4.1 Introduction 67

4.2 Historical Development 67

4.3 Numerical Architecture of the Dynamical Core 68

4.4 Physical and Subgrid‐Scale Parameterization 71

4.5 Coupling among the Major Components of the Climate System 73

4.6 The Practice of Climate Prediction and Projection 73

4.7 Statistical Model 77

4.8 Outlook 77

References 78

5 Climate Change Impact Analysis for the Environmental Engineer 83

Panshu Zhao, John R. Giardino, and Kevin R. Gamache

5.1 Introduction 83

5.2 Earth System’s Critical Zone 84

5.3 Perception,Risk, and Hazard 87

5.4 Climatology Methods 94

5.5 Geomorphometry:The Best Approach for Impact Analysis 99

References 114

6 Adaptation Design to Sea Level Rise 119

Mujde Erten‐Unal and Mason Andrews

6.1 Introduction: Sea Level Rise 119

6.2 Existing Structures and Adaptation Design to Sea Level Rise 120

6.3 Case Studies Reflecting Adaptation Design Solutions 124

Notes 135

References 135

7 Soil Physical Properties and Processes 137

Morteza Sadeghi, Ebrahim Babaeian, Emmanuel Arthur, Scott B. Jones, and Markus Tuller

7.1 Introduction 137

7.2 Basic Properties of Soils 137

7.3 Water Flow in Soils 158

7.4 Solute Transport 173

7.5 Soil Temperature, Thermal Properties, and Heat Flow 182

7.6 Summary 194

Acknowledgments 194

Abbreviations 194

Physical Constants and Variables 195

References 198

8 In Situ Soil and Sediment Remediation: Electrokinetic and Electrochemical Methods 209

Sibel Pamukcu

8.1 Introduction and Background 209

8.2 Overview and Theory of Direct Electric Current in Soil and Sediment Remediation 211

8.3 Electrokinetically and Electrochemically Aided Soil and Sediment Remediation 222

8.4 Summary and Conclusions 239

References 240

9 Remote Sensing of Environmental Variables and Fluxes 249

Morteza Sadeghi, Ebrahim Babaeian, Ardeshir M. Ebtehaj, Scott B. Jones, and Markus Tuller

9.1 Introduction 249

9.2 RadiativeTransfer Theory 249

9.3 RS Technology 255

9.4 RS of Static Soil Properties 263

9.5 RS of State Variables 269

9.6 RS of Environmental Fluxes 282

9.7 Summary 287

Acknowledgments 288

Abbreviations 288

Physical Constants and Variables 289

References 290

10 Environmental Fluid Mechanics 303

Nigel B. Kaye, Abdul A. Khan, and Firat Y. Testik

10.1 Open‐ Channel Flow 303

10.2 Surface Waves 308

10.3 Groundwater Flow 310

10.4 Advection and Diffusion 313

10.5 Turbulent Jets 318

10.6 Turbulent Buoyant Plumes 320

10.7 Gravity Currents 326

References 329

11 Water Quality 333

Steven C. Chapra

11.1 Introduction 333

11.2 Historical Background 334

11.3 Overview of Modern Water Quality 336

11.4 Natural or “Conventional” Water Quality Problems 339

11.5 Toxic Substances 345

11.6 Emerging Water Pollutants 348

11.7 Back to the Future 348

Note 349

References 349

12 Wastewater Engineering 351

Say Kee Ong

12.1 Introduction 351

12.2 Wastewater Characteristics and Treatment Requirements 351

12.3 Treatment Technologies 355

12.4 Summary 371

References 371

13 Wastewater Recycling 375

Judith L. Sims and Kirsten M. Sims

13.1 Introduction 375

13.2 Uses of Reclaimed Wastewater 376

13.3 Reliability Requirements for Wastewater Reclamation and Recycling Systems 414

13.4 Planning and Funding for Wastewater Reclamation and Reuse 416

13.5 Legal and Regulatory Issues 416

13.6 Public Involvement and Participation 418

13.7 Additional Considerations for Wastewater Recycling and Reclamation: Integrated Resource Recovery 418

13.8 Additional Sources of Information 423

References 423

14 Design of Porous Pavements for Improved Water Quality and Reduced Runoff 425

Will Martin, Milani Sumanasooriya, Nigel B. Kaye, and Brad Putman

14.1 Introduction 425

14.2 Benefits 428

14.3 Hydraulic Characterization 430

14.4 Hydraulic and Hydrologic Behavior 435

14.5 Design, Construction, and Maintenance 442

References 448

15 Air Pollution Control Engineering 453

Kumar Ganesan and Louis Theodore

15.1 Overview of Air Quality 453

15.2 Emissions of Particulates 453

15.3 Control of Particulates 459

15.4 Control of Gaseous Compounds 476

Acknowledgment 491

References 491

Further Reading 491

16 Atmospheric Aerosols and Their Measurement 493

Christian M. Carrico

16.1 Overview of Particulate Matter in the Atmosphere 493

16.2 History and Regulation 493

16.3 Particle Concentration Measurements 494

16.4 Measuring Particle Sizing Characteristics 497

16.5 Ambient Aerosol Particle Size Distribution Measurements 498

16.6 Aerosol Measurements: Sampling Concerns 501

16.7 Aerosol Formation and Aging Processes 501

16.8 Aerosol Optical Properties: Impacts on Visibility and Climate 502

16.9 Measurements of Aerosol Optical Properties 505

16.10 Aerosol Chemical Composition 506

16.11 Aerosol Hygroscopicity 509

16.12 Aerosols,Meteorology, and Climate 511

16.13 Aerosol Emission Control Technology 513

16.14 Summary and Conclusion 515

References 515

17 Indoor Air Pollution 519

Shelly L. Miller

17.1 Introduction 519

17.2 Completely Mixed Flow Reactor Model 522

17.3 Deposition Velocity 524

17.4 Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation 526

17.5 Filtration of Particles and Gases 528

17.6 Ventilation and Infiltration 532

17.7 Ventilation Measurements 536

17.8 Thermal Comfort and Psychrometrics 539

17.9 Energy Efficiency Retrofits 541

17.10 Health Effects of Indoor Air Pollution 542

17.11 Radon Overview 546

17.12 Sources of Indoor Radon 548

17.13 Controlling Indoor Radon 550

17.14 Particles in Indoor Air 551

17.15 Bioaerosols 553

17.16 Volatile Organic Compounds 555

17.17 VOC Surface Interactions 556

17.18 Emissions Characterization 557

17.19 Odors 559

Acknowledgments 560

Note 560

References 560

18 Environmental Noise Pollution 565

Sharad Gokhale

18.1 Introduction 565

18.2 Environmental Noise 565

18.3 Effects on Human Health and Environment 566

18.4 Sound Propagation in Environment 567

18.5 Characteristics of Sound 569

18.6 Relationship between Characteristics 570

18.7 Environmental Noise Levels 573

18.8 Measurement and Analysis of Ambient Noise 574

18.9 Environmental Noise Management 579

Note 580

References 581

19 Hazardous Waste Management 583

Clayton J. Clark II and Stephanie Luster‐Teasley

19.1 Fundamentals 583

19.2 Legal Framework 585

19.3 Fate and Transport 591

19.4 Toxicology 593

19.5 Environmental Audits 594

19.6 General Overall Site Remediation Procedure 596

References 598

20 Waste Minimization and Reuse Technologies 599

Bora Cetin and Lin Li

20.1 Introduction 599

20.2 Type of Recycled Waste Materials 599

20.3 Recycling Applications of Fly Ash and Recycled Concrete Aggregates 601

20.4 Benefit of Recycling Materials Usage 621

20.5 Conclusions 621

References 623

21 Solid Waste Separation and Processing: Principles and Equipment 627

Georgios N. Anastassakis

21.1 Introduction 627

21.2 Size (or Volume) Reduction of Solid Waste 629

21.3 Size Separation 636

21.4 Manual‐/Sensor‐Based Sorting 638

21.5 Density (or Gravity) Separation 649

21.6 Magnetic/Electrostatic Separation 653

21.7 Ballistic Separation 660

21.8 Froth Flotation 661

21.9 Products Agglomeration (Cubing and Pelletizing) 661

21.10 Compaction (Baling) 663

21.11 Benefits and Prospects of Recycling 666

References 669

22 Waste Reduction in Metals Manufacturing 673

Carl C. Nesbitt

22.1 Wastes at the Mine Sites 674

22.2 Chemical Metallurgy Wastes 678

22.3 Conclusions 686

Reference 686

Further Reading 687

23 Waste Reduction and Pollution Prevention for the Chemicals Industry: Methodologies, Economics,and Multiscale Modeling Approaches 689

Cheng Seong Khor, Chandra Mouli R. Madhuranthakam, and Ali Elkamel

23.1 Introduction 689

23.2 Development of Pollution Prevention Programs 691

23.3 Economics of Pollution Prevention 698

23.4 Survey of Tools, Technologies, and Best Practices for Pollution Prevention 699

23.5 Concluding

Remarks 707

References 707

24 Industrial Waste Auditing 709

C. Visvanathan

24.1 Overview 709

24.2 Waste Minimization Programs 710

24.3 Waste Minimization Cycle 711

24.4 Waste Auditing 712

24.5 Phase I: Preparatory Works for Waste Audit 712

24.6 Phase II: Preassessment of Target Processes 717

24.7 Phase III: Assessment 719

24.8 Phase IV: Synthesis and Preliminary Analysis 722

24.9 Conclusion 724

Suggested Reading 729

ndex 731

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